Kauai

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Kauai, also known as the “Garden Isle,” is oldest of the Hawaiian Islands and the fourth largest island, measuring 552 square miles. It was the last island to be conquered by King Kamehameha I.

Kauai has a population of about 69,691 with a median household income of $65,101, the third highest income among the major islands. According to a 2016 U.S. Census Report, the median age of residents on the island was 39.4 years with 77.5 percent of the population aged 18 or older. Kauai is divided into five main regions: Lihue, the East Side (Coconut Coast), the North Shore, the South Shore and the West Side.

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For the 2010 midterm elections, incumbent Bernard Carvalho won his re-election bid for mayor in a landslide, receiving 77 percent of the vote. His challenger, Diana LaBedz received 16 percent (about 7 percent of ballots were left blank).

Land

Kauai is roughly circular in shape. Almost half of its shoreline is covered with beaches. The island is the 21st largest island in the United States and is located about 105 miles northwest of Oahu.

One of Kauai’s most prominent features is the Napali Coast, on the island’s north shore. Spanning 17 miles, the shoreline features rugged terrain, cliffs, and waterfalls and is a major tourist attraction. There is only one way to access the Napali Coast by land: an 11-mile hike beginning at Kee Beach and finishing at Kalalau Beach. Most see the Nepali Coast by boat.

Kauai’s highest peak is Mt. Kawaikini at 5,243 feet above sea level. Mt. Waialeale, in the center of the island, is often considered the wettest spot on earth with about 460 inches of annual rainfall.

History

In King Kamehameha I’s quest to unite all of the Hawaiian islands, Kauai for a long time remained a thorn in Kamehameha’s side. The king launched two separate attacks on Kaui – whole armadas of ships and canoes – and failed both times. His force was first driven back by a storm and the second time, reportedly by sickness. Eventually, Kauai’s King Kaumualii, decided to submit peacefully, allowing the island to fall under Kamehameha’s rule.

Kamehameha became known as “Kamehameha the Great” and would thereafter establish diplomatic ties with Westerners. The Kingdom of Hawaii was officially established in 1810.

In 1835, the first sugar mill on Kauai opened in Old Koloa Town. Sugar became the predominant industry for the island in the 19th century, lasting well into the 20th century until tourism replaced agriculture as the island’s main industry.

Economy

Of Kauai’s employed population 17,100 worked in management, professional, or related occupations. About 7,764 worked in sales and office work and 9,868 were in service occupations. There were 3,828 in construction, maintenance or repair work  and 2,576 were employed by production, transportation or material moving businesses.

While private industry employed the bulk of Kauai’s population, the report found that 15 percent worked for federal, state or local government agencies. The rest were self-employed.

The average commute time to work for Kauai residents was 19.2 minutes. About 78 percent of workers drove to work alone, 12 percent carpooled and the rest used public transportation, other means or worked from home.

As of 2916, Kauai’s unemployment rate was 3.0% percent.

Of the 22,405 households in Kauai County, the median income was $62,359.

Eleven percent of Kauai residents lived in poverty in 2016.

Demographics

According to the U.S. Census, the average household size on Kauai was 2.8 people. The majority of Kauai residents, 58 percent, were born in Hawaii.

Families made up 71 percent of the households in Kauai. For residents over the age of five, 18 percent spoke a language other than English at home.

About 89 percent of Kauai residents over the age of 25 had earned a high school diploma while only 24 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher. Between 2006 and 2008, there were 13,000 Kauai residents enrolled in schools: 1,400 in nurseries or kindergarten, 9,800 in elementary or high school and 2,200 in college or graduate school.

One of the main institutions of higher learning on Kauai is the Kauai Community College:

Kauai Community College
3-1901 Kaumuali´i Highway
Lihue, HI 96766
(808) 245-8311
http://kauai.hawaii.edu/

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Kauai

October 2017

Wednesday, October 25

Kauai Mayor Wants To Be Hawaii’s Lieutenant Governor

Monday, October 9

Honolulu Rail Deal Fallout: Neighbor Islands Want A More Open Legislature

Tuesday, October 3

ACLU Sues To Challenge FDA Limits On Access To Abortion Pill

September 2017

Friday, September 29

Brittany Lyte: Sustainable Food Movement Flourishes On Kauai’s North Shore

August 2017

Monday, August 21

Brittany Lyte: Has Kauai Finally Found A Site For A New Landfill?

Tuesday, August 15

Brittany Lyte: Kauai’s Shifting Sands Offer Clues To Beach’s Future

Monday, August 7

Brittany Lyte: Can Tiny Houses Fix This Big Problem?

Thursday, August 3

Kauai Council Says No Thanks To $100K To Fight Climate Change

May 2017

Friday, May 26

11 Arrested In State Effort To Control Access To Napali Coast Wilderness

December 2016

Tuesday, December 20

Kauai Utility Wins Lease For Hydro Project in Kekaha

November 2016

Thursday, November 10

Kauai Logs 12th Drowning Of 2016 — Twice As Many As Last Year

October 2016

Friday, October 7

Marines May Add Aircraft Training On Forbidden Island And Kauai

September 2016

Thursday, September 22

Profanity-Laced Video Shows Mayor Partying Hard At Conference Party

State’s Fecal-Bacteria Testing To Close Kauai Beach

July 2016

Monday, July 25

State Sued Over Kauai Pesticides

Voters Have Options, For A Change, In Race For Open Kauai Seat

Wednesday, July 6

Police Union Wants Final Say On Body Cams

June 2016

Wednesday, June 8

Environmental Report For Dairy Project

May 2016

Tuesday, May 31

Can GMO Mosquitoes Save Kauai’s Endangered Birds?

Wednesday, May 25

Kauai Plane Crash Victims Identified

Tuesday, May 3

Environmental Law Group Threatens Suit Over Pesticides On Kauai

April 2016

Monday, April 25

Visitor Drowns Swimming Off Kauai

Monday, April 4

Contaminated Water: When Should The Public Be Warned?

March 2016

Wednesday, March 16

Why The Big Island Is So Unhealthy

December 2015

Monday, December 14

Pod Squad: Kauai Police Chief — Body Cam Effort Has Been ‘Difficult’

Thursday, December 10

Kauai Police Chief Vows To Implement Body Cams Despite Union Concerns

November 2015

Wednesday, November 25

Living Hawaii: Kauai’s Search For Cheaper Electricity

Friday, November 6

Hawaii’s Biggest Solar Project Is On Kauai

September 2015

Monday, September 28

Kauai Homeless Encampment to Be Cleared

Sunday, September 13

What Is Killing Kauai’s Chickens?

August 2015

Tuesday, August 18

Kauai Policeman Charged With Negligent Homicide in Pedestrian Fatality

May 2015

Wednesday, May 20

DuPont Pioneer Shuts Down One Kauai Facility

April 2015

Wednesday, April 8

New York Times: Chickens ‘Gone Wild’ on Kauai

March 2015

Friday, March 13

Omidyar-Backed Kauai Dairy Faces Second Court Challenge

February 2015

Tuesday, February 10

Kauai Stars in Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue

December 2014

Tuesday, December 16

Kauai County Council Approval Needed to Film Meetings

Saturday, December 6

Kauai Newspaper Offers $10k Reward for Info About Monk Seal Killing

Wednesday, December 3

State, Kauai County Plan $100K Study of Pesticide Use on GMO Crops

Tuesday, December 2

$5,000 Reward for Leads on Monk Seal Death on Kauai

November 2014

Tuesday, November 25

Kauai OKs Building Permits for Dairy Farm Backed by eBay Founder Omidyar

October 2014

Thursday, October 9

Fightland Features Kauai Mayoral Candidate’s Fight Against GMOs

September 2014

Wednesday, September 10

Report: Kauai Resort Sold For $343 Million to Thai-Chinese Investor

August 2014

Monday, August 25

Federal Judge Invalidates Kauai’s Anti-GMO Law

Tuesday, August 12

Is Kauai Pro-GMO? Primary Election Results Suggest So

July 2014

Saturday, July 26

Planned Kauai Dairy Farm Backed by eBay Founder Omidyar Reduces Project Size

Monday, July 21

Cost Rises for Kauai Lawsuit Defending Disclosure Law on GMOs, Pesticides

Tuesday, July 15

Kauai Developer Sues to Block New Dairy Backed by eBay Founder Pierre Omidyar

June 2014

Thursday, June 12

Kauai Bill Would Remove Tax Benefits for Crop Research

April 2014

Tuesday, April 15

Center for Food Safety, Earthjustice Join Case to Defend Kauai GMO Law

October 2013

Tuesday, October 29

Governor’s Nominee to Board of Land and Natural Resources Draws Criticism

August 2011

Thursday, August 25

Kapu For Kipu Falls on Kauai

June 2011

Thursday, June 30

Slideshow: Saving Hawaii’s Rarest Orchid

Wednesday, June 29

Hawaii’s Three Native Orchids

Saving Hawaii’s Rarest Orchid

May 2011

Thursday, May 19

Hawaiian Rights Fight Lands at Supreme Court

Wednesday, May 18

Kauai Bird Plan OK With Feds, Not Yet With State

Friday, May 13

Two Arrested In Kauai Goat Killing

March 2011

Tuesday, March 29

Drawing the Line on How to Protect Hawaii Seabirds

Friday, March 18

Photo Contest Winner: An Ocean-Minded Affair

February 2011

Wednesday, February 23

Bomb Threats at Kauai High School

December 2010

Monday, December 27

Separated By a River, Princeville and Hanalei Tell Two Stories

November 2010

Monday, November 15

Share Your Own Stories of Aloha for Thanksgiving