Maui

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Maui is the second largest Hawaiian island, measuring 727.2 square miles. In the early days of the Kingdom of Hawaii, Lahaina served as the capital city. During the 19th century, much of the island was covered by pineapple and sugar plantations, including industry giant Alexander & Baldwin. Today, the plantations have given way to private industry and tourism.

Known as the “Valley Isle,” Maui is the seat of Maui County, which includes the islands of Maui, Lanai and Molokai. Maui has a population of about 165,386 estimate by U.S. Census Bureau in 2016 with a median household income of $66,476 — one of the highest in the state. According to a 2008 U.S. Census Bureau report, the median age of island residents was 38.1 years, with 22 percent of Maui residents aged 18 or younger. The island’s highest peak, a dormant volcano known as Haleakala measuring 10,023 feet above sea level, is a major astrophysics research center and National Park.

 The Last

For the 2010 midterm elections, Maui Mayor Charmaine Tavares was defeated by challenger Alan Arakawa who beat 10 others to win his second term as mayor.

There were 11 candidates in the race: Alan Arakawa of Kahului, Sally Chow Hammond of Kaunakakai, Chris Hart of Wailuku, Marc Hodges of Kula, Sol Kaho’ohalahala of Lanai City, Ori Kopelman of Kahului, Peter Milbourn of Pukalani, Harold Miller of Kihei, Jonathon Olson of Kihei, Randy Piltz of Wailuku and Tavares.

Arakawa is the 5th and 7th mayor elected on Maui.  He first won in 2002 after serving as a county councilman for two terms. When Tavares challenged him in 2006, she won the primary by 100 votes and defeated him in the November runoff. He in turn was the challenger in 2010 and won his second term then won re-election in 2014.

Land

Maui, with 120 miles of coastline, is the second largest island in Hawaii and the 17th largest island in the United States. The island is approximately 2,300 miles from California and is the second youngest island in the main chain.

One of Maui’s most prominent features is Haleakala National Park. The park covers 30,183 acres of land. Haleakala, a dormant volcano, measures 10,023 feet above sea level. From the seafloor to its summit, Haleakala is larger than Mount Everest. Its crater is two miles wide.

History

The precise date of Polynesian settlers’ arrival in Hawaii is unknown. Archeological evidence suggests it happened between 800-1000 A.D., though some scholars estimate it may have been as early as 400 A.D. Using the stars to navigate, they sailed to Hawaii in double-hulled canoes from the Marquesas 2,400 miles away. Others are thought to have sailed from Samoa, Tahiti and possibly Tonga.

After the arrival of Captain James Cook in January of 1787, the islands would undergo an intense period of change. A young chief from Kohala on the Big Island named Kamehameha observed the precision of Western firearms that Cook used and would eventually unite the islands after a long campaign beginning on the Big Island of Hawaii and ending on Kauai.

Kamehameha became known as “Kamehameha the Great” and would thereafter establish diplomatic ties with Westerners. The Kingdom of Hawaii was officially established in 1810 under his rule.

By 1824, it is believed that over 100 ships sailed into the port-town of Lahaina every year for trading purposes. Lahaina was the capital of Hawaii between 1820 and 1845. By the 1850s, Lahaina was hosting 400 trading ships every year and would become a preeminent whaling port until crude oil replaced the industry in the late 19th century. The town would also host one of Hawaii’s first Christian missionaries.

During the latter half of the 1800s, sugar became a massive export for the island. Alexander & Baldwin was formed on Maui during this time. The company grew to be one of the so-called “Big Five” sugar companies that wielded significant power beginning in the mid-1800s and through statehood.

In 1845, the capital was moved from Lahaina to Honolulu where Iolani Palace became the home of the Hawaiian monarchy.

In 1893, a group of U.S. annexationists, led by Lorrin A. Thurston, fabricated a story that Americans were under attack in the islands. On Jan. 17, 1893, marines from the U.S.S. Boston aided the annexationists in the successful overthrow of the monarchy.

During World War II, Maui acted as a tactical staging center. Between 1943 and 1944, over 100,000 soldiers were stationed on Maui. The island opened its first hotel in 1946.

Economy

In 2017, according to the U.S. Census, 88,000 of Maui’s employed population worked in management, professional or related occupations. About worked in the service industry and almost 72,100 were in sales or office work. Construction, extraction, maintenance or repair occupations employed 27,200. The remainder of the population worked in production and transportation jobs or in farming, fishing and forestry.

Private industry employed 74 percent of working Maui residents while 14 percent were employed by federal, state, or local government agencies. The rest were self-employed. The report found that the average commute time to work was 21.1 minutes. Also in 2008, 69 percent of Maui residents drove to work alone, 15 percent carpooled, 3 percent took public transportation and the rest used other means or worked from home.

As of May 2017, Maui County’s unemployment rate was 3.0 percent. This was at the midpoint with Hawaii Island at 3.3 %  and Oahu at 2.6%.

Of the 53,463 households on the island, the median income was $66,476. The rest of the major islands had an average median of $61,728 and the United States averaged $52,275.

Demographics

According to a one-year American Community Survey for 2008, the average household size on Maui was 2.9 people. There were 53,463 households in Maui County. Just under half or 49 percent of Maui County’s 165,386 residents were born in Hawaii.

Families made up 67 percent of Maui households. For residents over the age of five, the Census report found that 20 percent spoke a language other than English at home. Of these individuals, more than half reported that they did not speak English “very well.”

About 89 percent of Maui residents over the age of 25 had earned a high school diploma while less than a quarter of residents had a bachelor degree or higher.

In 2008, there were 30,000 Maui citizens enrolled in schools: 4,600 in nurseries and kindergarten, 20,000 in elementary or high school and 5,100 in college or graduate school.

The following are some of the major higher education institutions, public and private on Maui:

University of Hawaii Maui College
310 Ka’ahumanu Ave.
Kahului, HI
96732
(808) 984-3267
http://maui.hawaii.edu/

International University of Professional Studies
81 Makawao Ave.
Makawao, HI
(800) 806-0317
http://www.iups.edu/

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Maui

November 2017

Friday, November 17

Hokulea’s Voyage To Hana Is A Homecoming For Young Captain

October 2017

Monday, October 16

Maui Mayor In Political Hot Water Over Money To Nonprofits

Monday, October 9

Honolulu Rail Deal Fallout: Neighbor Islands Want A More Open Legislature

July 2017

Wednesday, July 12

Tad Bartimus: Can Rat Contraception Be A Weapon In War On Lungworm?

May 2017

Wednesday, May 17

Tad Bartimus: Maui Grads Bring Passion To Problem Solving

April 2017

Monday, April 24

Tad Bartimus: Hana’s Do-It-Yourself Battle Against Rat Lungworm

March 2017

Thursday, March 23

Tad Bartimus: The Road To Hana Is Sometimes Paved With Bad Intentions

Friday, March 3

Tad Bartimus: Maui, Me and Bobby McGee

January 2017

Wednesday, January 11

Tad Bartimus: How A Maui Woman Launched A Global Movement

July 2016

Friday, July 8

Lawmakers May Call Special Session To Aid Maui Hospital Workers

June 2016

Tuesday, June 7

Surviving Twin Charged With Murder

Sunday, June 5

Tom Yamachika: What Will We Do Next for Maui Hospital Workers?

May 2016

Wednesday, May 11

Maui’s Decision On Lifeguard Pay Raises May Scuttle A Statewide Deal

March 2016

Wednesday, March 16

Why The Big Island Is So Unhealthy

October 2015

Tuesday, October 13

Study: Large Cane Burns Linked to Acute Respiratory Distress

September 2015

Friday, September 4

Maui Gives State Utility Regulators an Earful on NextEra Dealma

Tuesday, September 1

Maui County Hires Firm to Study Utility Options

August 2015

Monday, August 17

Maui County Plans to Post List of Lobbyists Online

Wednesday, August 5

Maui Group Raises $25,000 for Legal Fees to Stop Cane Burning

June 2015

Tuesday, June 30

Federal Judge Strikes Down Maui County’s GMO Moratorium

Monday, June 15

Federal Judge Plans to Rule on Maui GMO Moratorium By End of June

Wednesday, June 10

Why Are Sharks Attacking More People Than Ever in Hawaii?

March 2015

Wednesday, March 25

Maui County Is the Healthiest in Hawaii

Thursday, March 19

Maui GMO Farming Moratorium Won’t Be Enforced Until At Least June

Tuesday, March 10

Voter-Approved Maui County GMO Moratorium May Be Further Delayed

Monday, March 9

Sugar Cane: Another Season of Smoke Looms Over Maui

January 2015

Friday, January 30

Maui County Isn’t Sticking Up For Its GMO Farming Moratorium

December 2014

Thursday, December 18

Should Maui County Relax Its Affordable Housing Requirements?

Tuesday, December 16

SHAKA Movement Seeks Dismissal of Suit Against Maui GMO Farming Ban

November 2014

Saturday, November 22

Two Groups Seek To Defend Maui County’s GMO Farming Ban

Monday, November 17

Maui County Agrees Not to Enforce GMO Moratorium Until March

Friday, November 14

Judge Puts Brakes on Maui GMO Law

Thursday, November 13

Monsanto, Agrigenetics Sue to Invalidate Maui County GMO Farming Ban

Wednesday, November 12

Monsanto, Maui County Sued Over GMO Farming Moratorium

Thursday, November 6

If All of Molokai Had Voted, the Maui County GMO Ban Could Have Failed

Majority of Voters on Molokai, Lanai Opposed Maui County GMO Ban

Wednesday, November 5

Monsanto and Dow to Challenge Maui County GMO Farming Ban

Tuesday, November 4

1,000 Votes: Maui GMO Farming Ban Squeaks By

October 2014

Thursday, October 30

Possible Vote Buying in Campaign for Maui GMO Initiative?

Tuesday, October 28

Nearly $8 Million Raised to Defeat Maui GMO Ballot Initiative

May 2014

Tuesday, May 13

Maui Anti-GMO Group Is Paying Petition Signature Gatherers $5 Per Name

February 2014

Tuesday, February 25

Maui Residents Want to Let Voters Decide on GMO Ban

January 2014

Wednesday, January 22

Plans for Oahu-Maui Grid Connection Raise Questions About Lanai

December 2013

Friday, December 6

Maui May Become Hawaii’s Next Battlefield Over GMOs and Pesticides

April 2012

Friday, April 27

Civil Beat Poll – Hawaii Wants Undersea Cable

April 2011

Tuesday, April 26

Maui Police Department Signs Onto Facebook, Twitter

Friday, April 15

Journalist Alleges Assault by Maui Police and ‘Dog’ Chapman Security Guard

NYT: Company Wants Big Wind on Maui, not Molokai

January 2011

Saturday, January 22

Looking for Cracks in East Maui’s Ditch System

December 2010

Thursday, December 2

State OKs Maui Solar Telescope, Hawaiian Opponents Feel Burned

November 2010

Monday, November 15

Share Your Own Stories of Aloha for Thanksgiving