UPDATED 2/28/11 11:20 a.m.

Are you white? Asian? Native Hawaiian?

If you answered yes to more than one of the above, you’re not alone.

There are six distinct options when it comes to identifying race on the U.S. Census but the fastest-growing group in Hawaii between 2000 and 2010 was “two or more.”

Ten years ago, 259,343 of 1,211,537 island residents — 21.4 percent — identified as mixed-race. In 2010, that number jumped to 320,629 of 1,360,301 — 23.6 percent. The increase in mixed-race Hawaii residents — 61,286 — was almost as big as the gains made by Asian and white combined.

2000 2010 Change
Race Number Percent of total population Number Percent of total population Number Percent
Total population 1,211,537 100.0% 1,360,301 100.0% 148,764 12.3%
One Race 952,194 78.6% 1,039,672 76.4% 87,478 9.2%
Asian 503,868 41.6% 525,078 38.6% 21,210 4.2%
White 294,102 24.3% 336,599 24.7% 42,497 14.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 113,539 9.4% 135,422 10.0% 21,883 19.3%
Black or African American 22,003 1.8% 21,424 1.6% -579 -2.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 3,535 0.3% 4,164 0.3% 629 17.8%
Some Other Race 15,147 1.3% 16,985 1.2% 1,838 12.1%
Two or More Races 259,343 21.4% 320,629 23.6% 61,286 23.6%

Source: 2010 U.S. Census Bureau data [xls]

Of those Hawaii residents that are mixed-race, nearly 79.8 percent are part-Asian, 71 percent are part-white and 68.5 percent are part-Pacific Islander. Of the entire population, 57.4 percent are at least part-Asian, 41.5 percent are at least part-white and 26.2 are at least part-Pacific Islander.

The most common two-race combination is Asian and Pacific Islander — 72,607 Hawaii residents claim that mix. Residents who say they’re Asian and white numbered 66,456, while 37,904 say they’re Pacific Islander and white, and 85,723 more say they’re all three.

The following table shows every two-race combination. Where a race intersects itself, the number represents the residents who say they are only that race.1

Asian Native Hawaiian/
Pacific Islander
White Black/
African American
American Indian/
Alaska Native
Some Other Race
Asian 525,078 72,607 66,456 2,694 1,343 4,500
Native Hawaiian/
Pacific Islander
72,607 135,422 37,904 1,809 1,233 1,799
White 66,456 37,904 336,599 3,883 7,932 3,394
Black/
African American
2,694 1,809 3,883 21,424 834 386
American Indian/
Alaska Native
1,343 1,233 7,932 834 4,164 215
Some Other Race 4,500 1,799 3,394 386 215 16,985

Source: Civil Beat analysis of 2010 U.S. Census Bureau data [xls]

Young people are even more likely be mixed-race. Of the 303,818 Hawaii residents younger than 18 years old, 125,550 (41.3 percent) claim two or more races. That’s up from 110,084 of 295,767 (37.2 percent) in the 2000 Census.

For a full race data for Hawaii’s 131 towns in the 2009 American Community Survey, check out Race Breakdown: Hawaii Towns 2009.


  1. The one-race-only figures in this table have been corrected from an earlier version of this story.
     

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