Illegal corruption: The private gains in the form of cash or gifts by a government official in exchange for providing specific benefits to private individuals or groups.
Legal corruption: The political gains in the form of campaign contributions or endorsements by a government official in exchange for providing specific benefits to private individuals or groups, be it by explicit or implicit understanding.
Hawaii did not rank well, according to the latest findings, which measured reporters’ perceptions of corruption in 2013.
The survey found that reporters believed that both types of corruption — legal and illegal — were “very common” in the executive and legislative branches.
The judicial branch, on the other hand, fared well with the perceived level of corruption as being “slightly common.”
A previous survey of reporters wasn’t as dire, as both the perception of legal and illegal corruption ranged from “not common at all” to “moderately common.”