Denby Fawcett: Reusable Tote Bags Aren't As Environmentally Friendly As You Think - Honolulu Civil Beat


About the Author

Denby Fawcett

Denby Fawcett is a longtime Hawaii television and newspaper journalist, who grew up in Honolulu. Her book, Secrets of Diamond Head: A History and Trail Guide is available on Amazon. Opinions are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Civil Beat's views.

I have a tower of shame of reusable shopping bags stacking up in the corner of my pantry. My collection started honorably. In the early days of Oahu’s ban on single-use plastic bags, I bought reusable totes at the supermarket when I forgot to bring a cloth bag from home.

Opinion article badge

Then retailers and nonprofits started giving out for free totes with their logo printed on them to promote their products and causes.

Pretty soon friends — eager to get rid of their own reusable totes — started passing them on to me as gift bags containing jars of homemade mango chutney, or leaving them behind at the house after using them as carriers for wine contributions to potlucks. My stack started to multiply exponentially.

On Sunday, I pulled out all the bags from every closet and trunk of the car to take a few pictures for this column and shamefully discovered I have 35 of them.

It doesn’t make me feel any better about my bag collection to know that shoplifters apparently love the totes. Tina Yamaki, president of the Retail Merchants of Hawaii told me that shoplifting has skyrocketed since the launch of reusable bags. She told me that when I called her to ask what retailers think about the reusable totes.

Thieves sneak merchandise off the shelves then stash it in a reusable bag so they can claim the goods were bought at another store if they’re nailed by store security, Yamaki said.

My friend Laurie Carlson agrees that reusable bags are lurking everywhere. “Everybody has got a hundred of them, hiding away under their bed. At first the bags seemed like a good idea, but … ?”

She’s right. You have to wonder. Is this environmentally friendly — hoarding cloth and polypropylene bags — having too many of them to regularly reuse?

Conventional wisdom says the reusable bags help the environment but only if you use them many, many times, not if you make a collection of them. Or worse, throw them in the trash.

Turns out the supposedly virtuous reusable shopping bags have their environmental benefits but also a big downside. Everyone knows the upside of reusable bags: they don’t litter like flimsy, single-use plastic bags made of fossil fuel that easily fly into the streets, wash into the ocean and get stuck up in trees, some even getting jammed up in machinery.

Reusable bags Denby Fawcett tote bags
These are the six tote bags the author plans to keep after deciding to thin out her collection of 35. Denby Fawcett/Civil Beat/2022

If they they end up as litter, the thin plastic bags do not biodegrade. And over time, they break into small pieces known as microplastics that can end up in the stomachs of marine animals or in the soil or the air.

But litter aside, the interesting fact is production of the single-use plastic bags results in less carbon emissions waste than paper bags and the reusable bags of cloth and polypropylene we now carry out of stores instead of conventional plastic bags.

Paper bags are biodegradable and easier to recycle than single-use plastic bags. Also, they are handy for composting. But according to a British study by the Environment Agency, paper bags would have to be reused at least three times to neutralize the carbon producing effects required to make them. Paper production calls for enormous amounts of water, chemicals and fertilizers, and it causes deforestation of carbon sequestering trees.

Nonwoven polypropylene bags are a common kind of reusable tote sold at supermarkets and given away for free to promote products.

It takes less energy to create these bags made of a durable plastic than cotton bags. They are recyclable and sometimes made with recycled products themselves. For example, the blue shopping bags available for purchase at Walmart are made from recycled plastic bottles.

According to the British study I cited earlier, the polypropylene bags have to be reused at least 11 times to put them on a par with single-use plastic bags when it comes to the amount of energy used for their production.

Cotton reusable bags are the most energy intensive to produce of the reuseable bags, requiring large amounts of water, chemical fertilizers and pesticides to protect cotton crops from insects. It’s difficult to dispose of cotton fabric. You can’t put cotton cloth into the recycling bin. Textile depositories in the business of repurposing cloth are difficult to find.

The British study found that a person would have to use a cotton tote at least 131 times to make up for the global warming potential of its production cost. And to make up for its even more intensive production cost, an organic cotton bag would have to be used many more times to equal the environmental costs of single use plastic bags.

The benefit of cotton bags is they are sturdy and machine washable, which is an advantage because reusable bags can harbor harmful bacteria when they are used to carry produce, meat and fish.

Reusable tote bags Denby Fawcett
Reusable bags come in different materials. The New Yorker bag is cotton. IGA’s is woven polypropylene, and Walmart’s is nonwoven polypropylene. Denby Fawcett/Civil Beat/2022

To be clear here, shoppers are not entirely to blame for the proliferation of reusable bags. Stores like Whole Foods Market keep creating new and ever cuter totes such as the Hawaii-themed bags that tourists and locals alike eagerly snap up.

And certain totes gain a street cred beyond their shopping bag purpose such as the graphic bags of the New Yorker Magazine and the canvas bags of famous clothing designers. The stylish totes become must-have items, almost like designer handbags.

And to defend reusable bags, even though they cost more energy and resources to create than conventional plastic bags, they have greatly reduced litter according to environmentalist Stuart Coleman. Coleman was Hawaii manager of the Surfrider Foundation for 12 years during which he conducted more than 150 beach cleanups.

He says besides cigarette butts, plastic bags were the most common littler they picked off beaches but today the lightweight, fly away bags are mostly gone.

Now that I have dragged out all of my totes from the corners where they were hidden, the shock of seeing the pile is prompting an environmentally friendly act. I will donate all of them to thrift shops except for the six bags I like the most. Six bags are really enough for anyone to own.


Read this next:

Government Support For Nonprofits Only Goes So Far


Not a subscription

Civil Beat is a small nonprofit newsroom, and we’re committed to a paywall-free website and subscription-free content because we believe in journalism as a public service. That’s why donations from readers like you are essential to our continued existence.

Help keep our journalism free for all readers by becoming a monthly member of Civil Beat today.

Contribute

About the Author

Denby Fawcett

Denby Fawcett is a longtime Hawaii television and newspaper journalist, who grew up in Honolulu. Her book, Secrets of Diamond Head: A History and Trail Guide is available on Amazon. Opinions are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Civil Beat's views.


Latest Comments (0)

Here is a poem a reader on Facebook sent me:Bagsyou have bagsof bagscollecting bagsmust be your bagbecause you have bagswith nothing in themexcept for bags,inside of which are other bags,full of bagsyou have enough bags for lifefor a hundred lifetimesif there was a prize for the total number of tote bagsyou would totes have itin the bagdon't know why you need so many bagswhen all you ever seemto put in themare other bags

denby · 2 weeks ago

I have been using the same six nylon bags for years. They fold up into small squares and I carry them in my purse at all times. Yeah, my purse is heavy :)

Zora · 2 weeks ago

You can make your reusable bags more environmentally friendly by sewing them from recycled clothing instead of new yardage. Old jeans make a very sturdy shopping bag, and even old shirts, curtains, or pillowcases can have a new life as a long-lasting bag. You might have to use a double layer of the thinner fabrics, but with a little imagination you can have a unique and practical tote.If you're worried about meat contaminating your bags, just throw them in the wash. Even plastic or synthetic fabric ones can be washed. Best tip of all: always keep one in your purse or backpack, and have a "bag of bags" in your trunk so you're not tempted to grab another "free" one at the store.

LuckyDucky · 2 weeks ago

Join the conversation

About IDEAS

IDEAS is the place you'll find essays, analysis and opinion on every aspect of life and public affairs in Hawaii. We want to showcase smart ideas about the future of Hawaii, from the state's sharpest thinkers, to stretch our collective thinking about a problem or an issue. Email news@civilbeat.org to submit an idea.

Mahalo!

You're officially signed up for our daily newsletter, the Morning Beat. A confirmation email will arrive shortly.

In the meantime, we have other newsletters that you might enjoy. Check the boxes for emails you'd like to receive.

  • What's this? Be the first to hear about important news stories with these occasional emails.
  • What's this? You'll hear from us whenever Civil Beat publishes a major project or investigation.
  • What's this? Get our latest environmental news on a monthly basis, including updates on Nathan Eagle's 'Hawaii 2040' series.
  • What's this? Get occasional emails highlighting essays, analysis and opinion from IDEAS, Civil Beat's commentary section.

Inbox overcrowded? Don't worry, you can unsubscribe
or update your preferences at any time.