Danny De Gracia: A Casino Won't Resolve Hawaii's Broken Promises To Hawaiians - Honolulu Civil Beat


About the Author

Danny de Gracia

Danny de Gracia is a resident of Waipahu, a political scientist and an ordained minister. Opinions are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Civil Beat's views. You can reach him by email at dgracia@civilbeat.org or follow him on Twitter at @ddg2cb.


Thomas Jefferson has often been misquoted as having said, “If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation, then by deflation, then the banks and corporations that will grow up around them will deprive the people of all property until their children wake up homeless on the continent their Fathers conquered.”

While the original author of that statement is not known, there is a kernel of truth to be found in how it perfectly describes the plight of today’s Native Hawaiians in the Aloha State.

Native Hawaiians find themselves lagging in almost every indicator of success, attainment, or quality of life compared to others in the islands. Officially designated a “vulnerable population” by both state and federal government, a lesser-known study conducted by public health professionals even found that ZIP codes where higher proportions of Hawaiians resided seemed to have lower average life expectancies than others.

The plight of Hawaiians is an issue that is both politically and culturally difficult to broach in 2020. Whenever rankings by mainland organizations reveal that the State of Hawaii or its Hawaiian population lag in some regard, there is often a local tendency to dismiss these findings outright.

Demonstrators before the start of the Aloha Aina Unity March at Saratoga Road near Kalakaua Avenue. 9 aug 2015. photograph Cory Lum/Civil Beat

Demonstrators at the Aloha Aina Unity March in 2015. The government needs to do more to live up to its promises to Native Hawaiians, the author writes.

Cory Lum/Civil Beat

“These people are not trained in the Hawaiian way of knowledge, which does not value money or property,” some will argue. “Lucky we live Hawaii!” others will say, as if the sheer fact that one lives among beaches and warm sunshine somehow outweighs high costs of living, poor health conditions, and miserable job prospects. “Pull yourselves up by your own bootstraps!” they would have us believe.

 

But the simple fact of the matter is that if this state’s namesake, Hawaiians, find themselves homeless, impoverished, and lacking hope for the future, then what is the point of our state government?

Hawaiians Need More Than Gimmicks

The vote last week by the Hawaiian Homes Commission to allow for gambling on lands owned by the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands, like so many other revenue-generation schemes over the years, was met with glowing optimism by state officials and stark cynicism by locals — not just Hawaiians.

State officials seem to think that a casino could create jobs and provide revenue to fund the expensive bureaucracy that has Gov. David Ige and members of the legislature wringing their hands trying to figure out how to pay for it. Many locals, by contrast, are wondering how the state could possibly extract the kinds of casino profits needed when the rest of Hawaii businesses are imploding, and see this as a mercenary play when DHHL still has yet to fulfill its promise to Hawaiians on the homestead waiting list.

While I have written in the past that things like legalized gambling and a state lottery would be beneficial to the economy, Hawaiians need more than just a niche casino in Kapolei to reverse decades of decline and the inability to accrue and pass on generational wealth.

If state officials honestly think that they can build a casino targeted at foreign visitors, attract the kinds of crowds needed to remain profitable in the middle of an ongoing pandemic, and then magically divide the spoils among the pricey state “departments of everything” to help Hawaiians, they are truly out of touch.

Downtown Las Vegas’ Golden Nugget casino along Fremont Street.

Legalizing gambling could be beneficial to Hawaii, De Gracia writes, but it’s unrealistic to think a casino is going to get the kinds of crowds needed to remain profitable in the middle of an ongoing pandemic — let alone provide a windfall to state agencies.

Cory Lum/Civil Beat

For starters, big players who go to Macau, Singapore, or Las Vegas are not going to be convinced by a half-assed casino with no parking and no view in Oahu. And can you honestly see the state, with its outdated recruiting, hiring someone competently obsessing over all the details, all the time in the casino? I don’t think so.

We have to do better than just dangle casinos on Hawaiian lands. This very proposal smacks of corporatism – private profit at taxpayer expense – and would just create a monopoly for a politically connected few rather than spreading the wealth to all, let alone Hawaiians.

If you want to help Hawaiians and other local residents, you have to put them in a position to own property and land and monetize these things for their own profit. Instead, what we have is a post-plantation palace economy in Hawaii where the government bestows benefits and issues pay but no actual power to be financially independent or personally solvent.

To begin, it needs to be a top priority of DHHL to clear their waiting list of Hawaiians. It is unacceptable that a crisis exists where Hawaiians are dying before they receive lands promised to their families by the government. This state historically loves to make and break promises to Hawaiians, and that pattern of failure needs to stop.

Second, the Legislature and counties need to empower Hawaiians with more than just gimmicks and policy dead-ends. Hawaiians, as well as everyone else here, need fewer and lower fees on things they need, so they can actually have money to save. Everything from car registrations to property taxes and even the General Excise Tax have real implications for lower-income people in a place as expensive as Hawaii.

I don’t believe that Hawaii should belong to the top slice of politicians, connected corporations, and the occasional billionaire that decides to buy out an island. Hawaii should be for Hawaiians, and this land should empower everyone here. State officials need to stop playing games with the future of locals, and address historical inequalities, fix disparities, and ensure a successful future for all of us.


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About the Author

Danny de Gracia

Danny de Gracia is a resident of Waipahu, a political scientist and an ordained minister. Opinions are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Civil Beat's views. You can reach him by email at dgracia@civilbeat.org or follow him on Twitter at @ddg2cb.


Latest Comments (0)

You cannot in good conscience slide the larger issue staring everyone in the eye.Land was stolen. You have to face those facts first. 

Solesoia · 2 weeks ago

I have heard for years (40+) that it is not what you know but who you know in order to get a plot.  This is playing out with the department of planning right now and I have no doubt they are as corrupt as the police and everyone else so I'm hoping Civil Beat will investigate this issue as well.  Generational wealth is one thing, and to be sure, some Kanaka Maoli are much more privileged than others but the life expectancy of Hawaiians as opposed to local Japanese, Chinese and haoles cannot be ignored  Thirdly, there's generational trauma which also needs a ton of attention.  OHA needs to seriously set up goals and priorities to help the Kanaka and not just make more laws and money.  It is also my understanding that you only pay $1/year for the plot but must pay for the housing and infrastructure yourself.  Why are they always trying to sell/lease more land instead of giving it to the people it was meant for?  These gated communities are not benefitting Hawai'ian people!!! Where is the leadership and insight to help the people that DHHL is supposed to help?    

Kani · 2 weeks ago

DHHL needs to be removed from state management it is clearly a conflict of interest. The state has a constitutional mandate to fund DHHL it has instead used trust lands to  enrich the political and donor class. The problem is corruption. 33% of DHHl lands are leased to non-beneficiaries for pennies. Begin with a forensic audit of all lands and leases. Apply "fair market value" to all non beneficiary leases. Where is the money for the use of DHHL lands? Harbors, airports, military , schools, waste water facilities, race tracks, rubbish dumps, churches, malls, Walmart, home depot, Monsanto, roads, healthcare facilities, wind and solar farms, cell towers wealthy ranchers turned developers like Parker and Kahua Ranch making millions selling their lands for rich gated communities while leasing thousands of acres of ag/pastoral DHHL lands. There hasn't been an ag/pastoral lot assigned to a beneficiary in over 40 years. All these projects and kanaka are still waiting. The richest corporations in the world are sitting on thousands of acres of DHHL lands while the beneficiaries languish and die on a waitlist. We need to know where we are before we know what way to go. Forensic audit first.

dogsoldier · 2 weeks ago

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