When the House Labor and Public Employment Committee voted to overhaul how the state hires workers Tuesday, it wasn’t just the content of the bill that was notable, but the process that spawned it.
House Bill 867, introduced by Rep. Aaron Ling Johanson, is advancing through the House as part of a new process that brings other committees into budget decisions previously made almost exclusively by the Finance Committee.
As a result, Johanson and his colleagues are taking over responsibility for bite-sized parts of the budget and can drill down into agency operations in ways the Finance Committee could not.
“Both attitudinally and structurally, this is a huge shift,” said Johanson, who chairs the labor committee. “It’s hard to get to the nitty-gritty of every agency and department when there’s just one big document that passes through the Finance Committee.”
The House is rolling out the new process this session. House Finance Chair Sylvia Luke refers to it as “zero-based” or “performance-based” budgeting. The idea is to put departments under closer scrutiny to justify the taxpayer money they receive.
Johanson’s bill calls for a significant change to the Department of Human Resources Development, which oversees hiring for most state agencies. He’s a Yale graduate and former White House staffer who recruited to fill high-level vacancies in the federal government.
The bill would add a recruiting unit to Human Resources to fix what he says is a fundamental problem: “At an agency in charge of recruiting, you don’t actually have any recruiters.”
“This bill is trying to get us to DHRD 2.0, which is a much more responsive and proactive agency,” he said.
How Will Committees Use New Power?
Human Resources isn’t the only agency facing such scrutiny. When the Finance Committee approved its base budget bill in January, the committee carved out dozens of programs and offices for closer inspection.
Jim Shon, a former legislator who now works as a policy analyst for the University of Hawaii’s Hawaii Educational Policy Center, praised the change. Shon has criticized the budget process for putting too much power in the hands of the House and Senate money committees, and he likes getting other committees more involved.
The big question, he said, is how much the mini-budgets will be amended as they go through the new process. So far, it appears few have been changed, but there’s still time. All of them have to be back to the House Finance Committee by Friday, according to a procedural deadline.
“The system is in place,” Shon said. “I’m waiting to see whether the bills migrate with any changes.”
Technically, even the Human Resources budget is migrating without changes. The original idea was to amend its mini-budget bill to create the new office. But the bill’s title, “Relating to the Department of Human Resources Development Operating Budget,” was too narrow to include new positions with new powers, Johansson said. The result was a separate bill setting up the office.
The state’s newly created chief recruiting officer would have the power not only to hire, but to get rid of unfilled vacancies. Lawmakers often don’t like vacancies because money has to be set aside for them, even if the positions aren’t filled. Moreover, Johanson said that agencies often use the money for purposes other than hiring people.
In the case of the new Human Resources recruiting unit, not being part of the the budget isn’t a big deal. Both the Human Resources director, Ryker Wada, and Gov. David Ige’s administrative director, Ford Fuchigami, testified in favor of the bill.
Wada said that the agency “recognizes that persistent vacancies in various state departments and agencies is a problem that requires immediate attention.”
Luke said delegating responsibility to the labor committee was key to the proposal to establish the new office.
“We can make these reforms due to the fact that we removed the DHRD budget from the base budget bill,” she said.
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