UPDATE: 3:30 p.m. 12/21/2010

The first batch of 2010 Census data, released Tuesday morning, shows Hawaii’s population has grown faster than the nation’s over the past 10 years.

Hawaii’s population of 1,360,301 is up 12.3 percent from its 2000 population of 1,211,537, while the U.S. population has climbed 9.7 percent to 308,745,538 in the same time, data shows.

Hawaii’s increase over the past 10 years is a slight uptick from the gains the state saw between 1990 and 2000. That was the slowest growth period in the state’s history at only 9.3 percent. Previous Census results revealed population increases of 14.9 percent from 1980 to 1990, 25.5 percent from 1970 to 1980 and 21.5 percent from 1960 to 1970.

With the increase in population, Hawaii’s population density also ticked up, from 188.6 people per square mile in 2000 to 211.8 in 2010. Hawaii ranks 15th in the nation in population density, the same spot it held in 2000 and 1990.

New Jersey is the densest state with 1,195.5 people per square mile, and Alaska is most sparse with only 1.2 people per square mile. The national population density is 87.4 people per square mile.

The state’s population now ranks 40th in the country, up from 42nd 10 years ago, according to the Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism.1

California remains the most populous state with 37,253,956 residents, while Wyoming is least populous with 563,626. Texas gained the most numerically, adding 4,293,741 residents, while Nevada’s 35.1 percent increase was the largest in the nation.

Those population gains make Texas and Nevada among the winners in the reapportionment of Congressional seats. In all, 18 states will either be gaining or losing representation, with much of the flow heading from the Northeast and Midwest to the South and West. Hawaii will hold steady at two — the same amount it’s had since 1963, when it went to two-at large seats from the one seat it had at statehood. In 1971, two districts were created.

Each member of the House of Representatives represents, on average, about 710,767 people, the Census Bureau said.

Tuesday’s data release is not the end of the line. In February and March of next year, the Census Bureau will release demographic data to the states so state governments can start the redistricting process.

  1. This paragraph did not appear in the original article.

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