Kā ka luna hoʻoponopono nota: Unuhi ʻia na Ākea KahikinaClick here to read this article in English. 

Ma ka pāpā ʻia ʻana o ka hapanui o ka huakaʻi mokulele ʻana e ka maʻi ahulau, ua haʻo nui ʻo Joby Kekapu Tom i kona home, no ka mea, kipa mau ʻo ia i kona ʻohana ma Oʻahu i hoʻokahi a i ʻole ʻelua mau manawa i kēlā me kēia makahiki, a ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lele mai i ʻaneʻi nei mai ka makahiki 2019 aku. 

Ka Ulana Pilina Badge Olelo Hawaii

No laila, ʻoiai ʻo Tom e akeakamai ana i kona ʻike i ka ʻōlelo, ua komo koke ʻo ia nei i kekahi polokalamu pūnaewele ʻIke Hawaiʻi na ke Kulanui Kaiāulu ʻo Koʻolau i hoʻomaka aku ma ʻOkakopa. 

“ʻO ka Hawaiʻi ʻokoʻa ʻana nō ia. Ua pā ka naʻau i ka hoʻopili ʻana,” wahi a Tom, he luna hōʻoia kū kānāwai no kekahi hale ʻoihana kālā ma Kapalakiko. “Inā ʻole ke COVID, inā ʻole koʻu komo ʻana i kēia polokalamu ma muli o koʻu huakaʻi mokulele ʻana no ka hana.” 

Windward Community College.
Ua hoʻomaka ke Kulanui Kaiāulu ʻo Koʻolau i ka polokalamu pūnaewele no ka ʻIke Hawaiʻi ma ʻOkakopaCory Lum/Civil Beat/2021

ʻO ka polokalamu ʻIke Hawaiʻi, ʻo ia hoʻi ka mea e hāʻawi aku i ke kēkelē laeuahi, ua kū nō ia ma ke kahua kula mai ka makahiki 2012 aku, akā ua koi ʻia ua polokalamu nei e lilo i mea pūnaewele e like me nā papa ʻē aʻe i ka nui ʻana aʻe o ka maʻi ahulau i kēlā makahiki aku nei. ʻO ia ka mea i kīpaepae i ke alahele no ke kula e hana aku ai i kēīa polokalamu pūnaewele i nā kānaka lehulehu ma waho o Hawaiʻi nei. 

Nui ka nūnēnūnē ʻana o nā luna hoʻoponopono no ke keʻena ʻIke Hawaiʻi e hoʻopūnaewele i ka polokalamu mai ka makahiki 2017 aku, akā ua nui kā ko lākou pūʻiwa i ka nui o nā palapala noi komo mai nā kihi a pau o ʻAmelika. He polokalamu ʻIke Hawaiʻi kā ke Kulanui o Hawaiʻi ma Mānoa a me Brigham Young University-Hawaiʻi, akā ʻo ko ke Kulanui ʻo Koʻolau polokalamu ʻo Hawaiʻiloa, ʻo ia ke koho mua loa no ke komo pūnaewele ʻana. 

Joby Tom, Hawaiiloa, Windward Community College
Ua komo koke ʻo Joby Tom i ka polokalamu pūnaewele no ka ʻIke Hawaiʻi ma ke Kulanui Kaiāulu ʻo Koʻolau.  Courtesy: Joby Tom

“Ua kala loa ko mākou kali ʻana e haku i polokalamu pūnaewele, akā ʻaʻole mākaukau nā kumu a me nā papa a pau no ka hana ʻana pēlā,” wahi a Kalawaiʻa Moore, ʻo ia ke alakaʻi a me ka hope polopeka no ke keʻena ʻo ʻIke Hawaiʻi. “Ua huʻe ka wā maʻi ahulau i ko kākou mau lima.” 

Ua kaukaʻi ke kulanui i nā pūnaewele ponoʻī, ka haʻi o ka waha a me nā hoʻolaha pāpaho pili kanaka e ʻimi ʻia ai nā haumāna. Ua pūʻiwa loa nā luna hoʻoponopono i ka nui o nā palapala noi komo no Pololika, ʻIlinoe, Kalolaina Hema, Nūioka Kūlanakauhale, Uka, Kekeka, Newaka, ʻOlekona a me Kaleponi — i hoʻopili ʻia me nā mokupuni ʻē aʻe ʻo Kauaʻi a me Hawaiʻi. 

Ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻia ʻana o Hawaiʻiloa, ua loaʻa mai nā noi he 300 wahi a kekahi palapala hoihoi pūnaewele no kekahi polokamu i haku ʻia no 20 mau moho wale nō. Ua pono kā Koʻolau hoʻohui ʻana i ʻelua mau papa hou aku, a ʻo ka ʻāpono akula nō ia i 55 mau haumāna ma ka hui mua loa. 

“Ua holo nō ka pilina kanaka noho mokupuni ʻo coconut wireless,” wahi a Makamae Sniffen, ʻo ia ko ke kula hoa kūkā pūnaewele a me ka luna hoʻonohonoho. “Mai kekahi mau hoʻolaha leka uila, ua hoʻolaha ʻia aku nō ia mai laila aku.” 

Ka Hoihoi Laulā

ʻO ka pūʻulu haumāna mua i hoʻomaka ma ʻOkakopa, e hemo kula ana lākou i kēia kau kupulau aʻe, a aia nā kānaka noho i Hawaiʻi he 29 a nā kānaka noho ʻole i Hawaiʻi he 26. ʻO ka nui makahiki ʻawelika o lākou, ʻo ia nō he 40, a he 25 ka nui makahiki ʻawelika no nā haumāna e hele kino i ke kula. Ua piha ka makahiki 80 i ka hiapo, a he 18 makahiki o ka muliloa. He mau wāhine ka hapanui, koe aku ia ʻehā kāne. 

Papa huaʻōlelo hou

He 39 mau haumāna o ka pūʻulu lua i hoʻomaka ma Ianuali, a aia nā kānaka noho i Hawaiʻi he 24 a nā kānaka noho ʻole i Hawaiʻi he 15, wahi a Sniffen. A no ke kolu o ka pūʻulu e hoʻomaka ana i kēia kau hāʻule lau, ua kau inoa nā kānaka he 40. 

ʻAʻole he ʻano maʻamau ka nui o kēia mau haumāna, e laʻa nā mākua i loaʻa nā ʻoihana piha-manawa iā lākou a i ʻole e hoʻi ana lākou i ka hoʻonaʻauao kulanui ʻana ma hope o ka liʻuliʻu ʻana. ʻAʻole ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻoihana a me nā noʻeau ʻoihana ka mea a lākou e ʻimi aku ai, akā ʻo ia nō ka ʻimi loa ʻana i ko lākou ʻano ponoʻī e hoʻi hou ʻia ai lākou i ka piko. 

“He mau Kānaka Maoli lākou e noho ana ma waho o ko lākou kulāiwi, me ka haʻo ʻana i ke kulāiwi a me ka ʻiʻini ʻana e aʻo i ko lākou moʻomeheu,” wahi a Colette Higgins, ʻo ia kekahi dini no nā kuleana hoʻonaʻauo ma ke kulanui. “He ʻano hoʻoilina kēia, ʻo ia ka hoʻoili ʻana i ka hanauna e hiki mai ana. Nui nā kānaka e noho ana ma ʻAmelika me ka ʻole o ka ʻike i ko lākou moʻomeheu ponoʻī.”

ʻO Sarah Malia Antoncich, he kumu ʻo ia a he makuahine ʻo ia no ʻelua keiki e noho ana ma ka mokuʻāina ʻo Wakinekona, a he ʻohana kona ma Maui a me Hawaiʻi. Hoʻi mai ʻo ia i Hawaiʻi i hoʻokahi manawa i kēlā me kēia makahiki no nā hoʻohui ʻohana. Ua hānai ʻia kona makuahine ma Oʻahu a ua hemo kula ʻo ia mai ke kula ʻo Kamehameha i ka makahiki 1968. 

Ua lohe mua ʻo ia e pili ana i ko Koʻolau polokalamu ʻo Hawaiʻiloa ma o kekahi hoʻolaha ma ka ʻaoʻao Pukealo ʻo “Hawaiians in Washington.” 

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Antoncich, ʻo kekahi mea hōʻume nui, ʻo ia ka hiki ʻana ke aʻo i ka ʻōlelo ma o ka pūnaewele. Ua ʻōlelo hoʻi ʻo ia e pili ana i ka hiki ʻana ke loho i nā moʻolelo mai nā kūpuna mai a e aʻo mai nā polopeka maoli mai, a he ʻokoʻa kēlā i kekahi “correspondence course” me kekahi wikiō i hoʻopaʻi ʻē ʻia a i ʻole kekahi mau ʻatiakala ma kekahi kahua pūnaewele. 

Sarah Antoncich, Hawaiiloa, Windward Community College
Ua lohe ʻo Sarah Antoncich e pili ana i ko Koʻolau polokalamu ʻo Hawaiʻiloa ma o kekahi hoʻolaha ma ka ʻaoʻao Pukealo ʻo “Hawaiians in Washington.” Courtesy: Sarah Antoncich

“ʻAʻohe kumu alakaʻi no kēia ʻano aʻo ʻana,” wahi āna. “ʻO nā mea i hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou, ua akāka ka pahuhopu a no nā kānaka ake nui, nā kānaka koi nui, a me nā kānaka i pono i ua mau mea nei.”

“ʻO ke kū ʻana i ke kahua paʻa no koʻu hoʻomaopopo ʻana iaʻu iho a me kahi aʻu i hoʻokumu ai, na kēlā i hoʻololi i ke ʻano aʻu e ʻike mai ai iaʻu iho ma ka honua a me ke ʻano aʻu e hoʻopili paʻa ai i ka honua,” wahi āna. 

He mau papa kā kēia polokalamu ʻelua makihiki, e laʻa ka ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi, ka haku ʻana, ka moʻolelo Hawaiʻi, ka hoʻolauna i ka politika Hawaiʻi, ka hōʻike honua no nā mokupuni, ka moʻomeheu heʻenalu ma Polenekia, ka hoʻolauna i ka hoʻokele waʻa Hawaiʻi a me ke mele Hawaiʻi. Hiki i ka haʻawina ke hoʻopau ʻia i nā manawa a pau o ka lā. 

Hiki i nā haumāna ke komo pūnaewele i nā hui hoʻopaʻa haʻawina a me ke kūkākūkā ʻana me kekahi hoa kūkā a i ʻole nā hālāwai kumu aʻo me ko Koʻolau mau lima hana. Ua lōkahi pū kēia i ka nui o nā haumāna ma o nā ʻano like ʻole i noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻia ma mua o ka wā maʻi ahulau. 

“He pono ka ʻōlelo ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻana, he paʻakikī,” wahi a Tom, he kupa no Kāneʻoha he haumāna i puka mai ke kula ʻo Kamehameha. “Akā he mea ia e hōʻeleu aku iā mākou. Ua hoa pili nō mākou. Ua kūkulu ʻia kekahi kaiāulu nui.”

E Lole I Nā Ihona O Ka Nui Haumāna?

He hōʻailona maikaʻi ko ka polokalamu lanakila no ka ʻōnaehana Kulanui o Hawaiʻi, he mea ia e hōʻike aku i ka hiki ʻana o kēia ʻano polokalamu ke kū laʻana no nā kulanui e maʻa hou aku i nā hihia kālā i lawe ʻia mai e ka maʻi ahulau. 

ʻO ka ʻōnaehana UH — e laʻa ke kahua kula nui ʻo Mānoa a me nā kula ʻehā-makahiki ʻo UH Hilo a me UH West Oʻahu a me nā kulanui kaiāulu he ʻehiku — ua ʻike ʻia ka ihona he 1.5% ma ka nui haumāna holoʻokoʻa mai ke kau hāʻulelau 2019 a i ke kau hāʻulelau 2020. Ma o nā kulanui kaiāulu, ua iho ka nui haumāna he 7.6%, a ʻo ia ka ʻoi kūnihinihi o ka ihona ma o nā kula UH. 

Ma ka manawa like, ua hoʻonui ʻia ka nui o nā papa pūnaewele ma ko UH ʻōnaehana ma ke ʻano he 340% mai nā papa he 1,420 ma ke kinohi o ka makahiki kula 2019 a i nā papa he 6,252 ma ka makahiki 2020. Ma o nā kulanui kaiāulu, ua lilo ka nui o nā papa pūnaewele mai 787 a i 2,564 ma ka wā like. 

Ua keʻakeʻa ʻo Hawaiʻiloa i kekahi o nā mea ʻino a ka wā maʻi ahulau no ke Kulanui Kaiāulu ʻo Koʻolau, ʻo ia kekahi o ka mea liʻiliʻi ma ka ʻōnaehana me 2,299 haumāna e hele kula nei. 

University of Hawaii, UH, education, community college, enrollment
Ua iho ka nui haumāna ma ka ʻōnaehana Kulanui o Hawaiʻi mai ka makahiki 2019 a i ka makahiki 2020.  Source: UH Board of Regents Nov. 2020 materials

He māhele nui ko lākou o nā haumāna Kānaka Maoli, me 53% o ka haumāna he Kanaka Maoli. 

“Ma loko o ka wā maʻi ahulau, e walaʻau ana lākou i ke kāpae ʻana i ka nui o ko mākou mau polokalamu, akā naʻe ua hoʻomaka aku mākou ma kēia mau kūkākūkā ʻana me kekahi mākeke i waele ʻole ʻia,” wahi a Moore. “ʻO kā mākou polokalamu ka mea e loaʻa ai ke kālā no ko mākou kulanui ma kekahi wā ʻuʻuku. Ua hoʻololi nui kēia i ke kūkākūka ʻana.”

E ʻalo ana nō ko UH ʻōnaehana i mau pilikia ma ka wā e hiki mai ana ma muli o ka ihona o ka nui haumāna i lawe ʻia mai e ka maʻi ahulau, a loaʻa he hoʻolālā e ʻoki i 10% o ko ka ʻōnaehana moʻohelu kālā i nā mea kau kānawai o ka mokuʻāina i kēia kau. 

He $8,200 ke kumu kūʻai no Hawaiʻiloa, akā ʻo Koʻolau, ʻo ia ka mea e kāki i nā kamaʻāina he $131 no ka helu ʻai papa pākahi a me $345 no ka helu ʻai papa no nā malihini, ua hoʻolaulā ke kumu kūʻai kamaʻāina no nā haumāna Kanaka Maoli e noho ana ma waho o nā mokupuni. 

ʻAʻohe hoʻolālā o laila e kāpae i ka hāʻawi kēkelē laeuhai pūnaewele no ka ʻIke Hawaiʻi, wahi a Moore. Ua hana ʻia kekahi mau kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka hoʻomaka ʻana i kekahi polokalamu like no ke kēkelē laepua ma UH West Oʻahu.

“ʻAʻole i mahuʻi iki ʻia ka lanakila o kēia polokalamu a ua kono maila mākou i nā kumu hou he nui,” wahi a Moore. “E lawe aku ana mākou i kēia i ka mamao loa o ko mākou hiki ʻana ke hehi aku.”

Ua kākoʻo ʻia kēia papahana e ka ʻOhana o Harry Nathaniel, Levani Lipton, ka ʻOhana Mar, a me Lisa Kleissner.

Not a subscription

Civil Beat is a small nonprofit newsroom, and we’re committed to a paywall-free website and subscription-free content because we believe in journalism as a public service.
 
That’s why donations from readers like you are essential to our continued existence.
 
Help keep our journalism free for all readers by becoming a monthly member of Civil Beat today.

About the Author