Just how fair is the state’s charter school funding system?
State lawmakers tried to get a better understanding of the longstanding issue Thursday during one of two lengthy briefings on supplemental budget requests from the Hawaii State Public Charter School Commission and the state Department of Education.
The Charter School Commission is requesting $29.3 million in capital improvement funds for charter schools located on state-owned property, and $972,300 to support commission expenses and pay bonuses to teachers in hard-to-staff areas.
The DOE is is asking for an additional $45.7 million for its operating budget and $112.8 million in capital improvement funds.
Although DOE schools and charter schools are funded differently, increases to the DOE’s operating budget do result in an increase in funding for charter schools, said Tom Hutton, the commission’s executive director.
That’s because charters — public schools that operate with a greater degree of autonomy than schools run by the DOE — are primarily funded on a per-pupil basis, using a calculation based on the state DOE’s annual appropriation. That per-pupil rate has risen from about $6,009 two years ago to $6,846 in the current school year.
The DOE says it spends about $11,803 a year educating students in its schools, but that figure includes numerous expenses and is much more than each school actually receives on an annual basis.
So just how big is the gap in funding between DOE-operated public schools and charter schools, Rep. Gene Ward asked Hutton.
“I’m not sure we are comparing apples to apples,” Hutton said.
Making a clear comparison between charter school funding and traditional public school funding is difficult, Hutton said. That’s in part because of all the support public schools receive from the state DOE office, which also picks up the utility bill for its schools. But the $6,846-per-pupil figure is not the only funding charter schools receive, Senate Ways and Means Chair Jill Tokuda pointed out.
“It would be good if you could do some kind of apples to apples (statistics) so we can compare,” Ward said.
The biggest equity issue, Hutton told legislators Thursday, is that charter schools don’t get funding for facilities — an often significant expense that can contribute to real financial struggles at the schools.
The commission’s capital improvement requests, which were left out of the governor’s budget, include $17 million to replace a building that burned down at University Laboratory School and $5 million for commercial kitchens in charter schools across the state.
There are numerous other facility needs for charter schools, but Hutton said he was advised that capital improvement funds could only be spent on state-owned property. Many charters lease space from private owners.
“Realistically I don’t think you are going to solve this equity issue overnight,” Hutton said, adding that it was time to “start the process.”
Hawaii schools have seen a 38 percent increase in the number of economically disadvantaged students since 2008, a figure that Superintendent Kathryn Matayoshi pointed out when making her case for additional funding to legislators.
“We have more students with high needs and those students need more resources and more support,” Matayoshi said. “At the same time our resources have basically been stable.”
House Finance Chair Sylvia Luke sharply criticized the DOE, though, for what she said were misleading statistics in the DOE presentation that made it appear as though the state had seen a 36 percent increase in revenue while the DOE had only seen a 9 percent increase in funding. The statistics did not include the expenses that the state picks up for pensions and debt services, Luke said.
“You are misleading the public. You are misleading the Legislature,” Luke told Matayoshi.
The DOE is asking for an additional $45.7 million to increase funding for English language learners, help pay for school nurse contracts for students with disabilities and provide assistance with utility and transportation expenses. The increase would also provide a 2 percent across-the-board increase to the Weighted Student Funding formula.
The new Campbell building is large, includes specialized classrooms that are more expensive to construct, and involves moving portable classrooms and addressing existing infrastructure challenges, according to Dann Carlson, assistant superintendent in the DOE’s Office of School Facilities and Support Service